We all know that our country, India is a land of multiple diversities, religions, ethnicities and languages that define its huge geographic and cultural background. There are also different festivals and occasions that are celebrated in our country. All these special occasions are dedicated to various religions and people belonging to various states of India. Let us throw a quick light on the various festivals of India that are celebrated all over India with great splendor, joy, and spirit. So check out below list of Festivals in india.
Top 10 Most Popular Festivals in India
1. Raksha Bandhan
Raksha Bandhan is a festival that symbolizes the sacred relation between Brother and Sister. It is celebrated during the month of August in various parts of India. There are various legends and mythological stories related to this festival but the basic essence lies in the mutual bonding and relationship between siblings. Sisters tie beautiful colorful Rakhis on the wrist of their brothers and pray for their well-being. Brothers in return offer gifts or money to their beloved sisters and take a pledge to protect their sisters during the time of any adversity.
It is celebrated on the Full Moon day of the Shravan (July-August) Month of Hindu Calendar. Also known as Rakhi, Raksha Bandhan is a special occasion that is celebrated by tying a holy thread of protection by a sister to her brother around the wrist. There are various gifting stores that can easily send Rakhi gifts to India and abroad for your loved ones. These an festivals in india For Brothers And sister.
Diwali is one of the prominent festivals of India and is celebrated by the vast Hindu community in India and abroad. It is known by various names such as “Naraka Chaturthi”, “Deepavali”, “Prakash Parv” or the most common as the festival of lights. The occasion is celebrated in the memory of Lord Rama who killed the demon king Ravana to rescue his wife Sita who was taken away forcefully by the demon king. After killing Ravana, Lord Rama returned to his kingdom of Ayodhya with his brother Lakshmana and wife Sita. The occasion is usually celebrated in the month of October or November in India. This day is celebrated among people by lighting earthen lamps, illuminated lights, candles in their homes and there is light everywhere around. People also light up fire crackers, worship Goddess Lakshmi, decorate their homes and distribute gifts or sweets to their loved ones. Although, there are various theories involved with the celebration of this auspicious day in various religions and areas
The festivity Begins with Dhanteras followed by Naraka Chaturdasi on the second day, then Diwali on the third day, Diwali Padva on the fourth day and Bhai Dooj on last Day. Diwali has its significance as Lord Rama returned to Ayodhaya with his wife Goddess Sita and Brother Laxman from exile. This day is celebrated among people by lighting earthen lamps, illuminated lights, candles in their homes and there is light everywhere around. People also light up fire crackers, worship Goddess Lakshmi, decorate their homes and distribute gifts or sweets to their loved ones. Although, there are various theories involved with the celebration of this auspicious day in various religions and areas but it is celebrated with great excitement in every corner of India. This festivals in india Also Known As “Deepavali“.
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3. Holi – The Festivals of Colors
This festival of colors is celebrated by people in the month of March or April. There are various legends associated with this festival but the prominent story revolves around the Prahlada and his wicked aunt Holika. According to an ancient Mythology, the ardent follower of Lord Vishnu known as Prahlada was persuaded by his demon king father Hirnayakashyap to stop worshipping Lord Vishnu and instead consider him as God.
However, when his son did not oblige, he ordered his evil sister Holika to sit in the fire with his son Prahlada in the lap as she had the boon that she would not be burnt by the fire on wearing a special blanket. However, she burnt and Prahlada was saved ultimately. To celebrate this festival, people burn the effigies of Holika to commemorate the victory of goodness over evil. On the next day of Holi, people put colours on each other’s face and embrace each other with happiness. Children throw colourful water on each other and various delicacies are distributed among people who visit each other house.
Specially Celebrated in: Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Bengal, Odisha, Assam, Goa, Maharashtra, Manipur, Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Tamil nadu, Haryana and Madhya Pradesh.
4 Makar Sankranti / Pongal
Makar Sankranti is celebrated on 14 January every year in almost all parts of India. The festival has immense spiritual significance and marks the transformation of the sun into Makar Rashi (Capricorn) on its celestial path. Makar Sankranti is also the festival of Harvest and marks the arrival of spring in India. Makar Sankranti is the day when the glorious Sun-God begins its ascendancy and entry into the Northern Hemisphere. It is a harvest festival which is essentially celebrated in the Hindu communities.
It is celebrated as “Pongal” in Tamil Nadu and as “Lohri” in Punjab. It is a festival of Thanksgiving and the end of the inauspicious phase that begins in the month of December according to Hindu calendar. Kite flying and Til Ladoos (Sesame Seed Sweets)are also an important part of the festival. Makar Sankranti signifies that we should turn away from the darkness of delusion in which we live, and begin to enjoy a new life with bright light within us to shine brighter and brighter.
5. Navaratri/Durga Puja
Navratri festival is celebrated to worship the nine forms of Goddess Durga, the Hindu Goddess of Power. It is a very important Hindu Festival and celebrated all over the country. It is one of the amazing festivals which is celebrated in India. The occasion is dedicated to the Goddess of Valour, Mata Durga which is revered by all Hindus in India and overseas. The festival is observed for the nine days which explains the reason for its name as “Navaratri” where devotees worship Maa Durga and observe fasts for the complete nine days. Finally, people submerge the idol of Goddess Durga into the river or sea at the conclusion ceremony of Durga Puja.
In Gujarat, people gather in groups to perform the Dandiya and Garba dance. The Dandiya sticks of various colors are used. Some people also throw dry colors on each other. festivals in india is a part of culture of india.
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Dussehra is the most significant festival of the Hindu religion celebrated all across the country. It falls every year in the month of September or October twenty days earlier to the Diwali festival. The celebration of Dussehra indicates the victory of Lord Rama over demon king Ravana. Lord Rama symbolizes truth and Ravana represents evil power. It is a great ceremonial and religious festival celebrated by the Hindu people with the worship of goddess Durga. The tradition and culture of celebrating this festival varies from region to region in the country.People celebrate this festival with big enthusiasm and beliefs. This festival indicates the victory of goodness over badness mean triumph of truth over evil power.
It is a ten days long festival, nine days of which is celebrated by worshipping the goddess Durga and tenth day as Vijay Dashmi when people celebrate the victory of Lord Rama over the demon King, Ravana. A huge preparation for this festival takes place which starts few days earlier to the exact date. A big fair is held for whole ten days or a whole month where people from far regions come to make shops and stalls of all things necessary for the people. It takes place in the Ram-Lila ground in every society or community where a huge fair is held with the dramatic show of legends of Dussehra for all days. Paper models of the Ravana, Kumbhkaran and Meghnath are prepared in the Ram Lila ground and real people play the role of Rama, Seta and Lakshman.
Everywhere lights are on and whole environment becomes full of sound of firecrackers. People and kids used to see the fair including ram-lila whole night. Various important events of the life of Lord Rama are demonstrated by the real people in the Ram Lila. Thousands of men, women and children of the nearby regions get together in the Ram Lila ground to enjoy the show. The festivals in india List Dussehra Play An important Role.
7. Krishna Janmashtami
Krishna Janmashtami is a festival celebrated by the people of Hindu religion every year. It is celebrated as a birth anniversary of the Lord Krishna. Lord Krishna is a Hindu God who was born as a human on the earth to save the life as well as remove the sufferings of his devotees. It is believed that Krishna was 8th avatar of the Lord Vishnu. Lord Krishna is known by many names like Govinda, Balgopal, Kanha, Gopal, etc (around 108). According to the Hindu mythology, Lord Krishna is worshiped by the people of Hindu religion from the ancient time for his different roles and teachings (such as Bhagavad Gita).
According to the Hindu calendar, Lord Krishna was born on Ashtami (8th day) in the Krishna paksh in the month of Shravan at dark midnight. Lord Krishna took birth on this earth for his devotees and performed various roles like teacher, mentor, philosopher, God, lover, supreme power, etc. Hindu people worship a statue of Lord Vishnu and various forms of the Krishna daily. He is a God with a flute (Bansuri) and a peacock wing on the head. Krishna is very famous for his Rasleelas and other activities during his human birth.
The festival is celebrated usually in the month of August or September. Temples are decorated extensively on this day and special prayers are organized at the stroke of midnight which is believed to be the birth time of Lord Krishna. Devotees throng temples in large numbers and observe fast for the whole day and conclude fasting only after offering water to the Moon God. Various societies and groups also organize “Dahi Handi” competitions at various parts of India along with different prize money involved with it.
8. Guru Purab
Guru Nanak Jayanti (also Guru Nanak Gurpurab) is an important Sikh Festival. It is mainly observed by people belonging to Sikh religion. It is celebrated on the Purnamashi or full moon day of the Kartik month. People celebrate the birthday of Guru Nanak on this day. Guru Nanak, the first Sikh Guru, was the founder of Sikh religion in India. It is a time to remember the great teaching of Guru Nanak. He traveled through different places and had wide following.
People decorate their homes and shops. Devotees celebrate this day by decorating the Gurdwaras. They offer prayers and serve food to everyone who visits the Gurudwaras.
The special day is celebrated as the birth anniversary of Lord Jesus, the founder of the Christianity faith. The festival is observed every year on 25th December among Christians across the world. Churches are beautifully decorated and illuminated with special programs and events related to the life of Jesus Christ are performed. Children also wait for the Santa Claus which arrives on a sledge and bring gifts for the children and adults. Special feasts have occurred in homes and various types of dishes, as well as delicacies, are prepared by the people. 25 th Dec is also a which festivals in india.
10. Ganesh Chaturthi
The festivals is entirely dedicated to the Hindu God, Ganesha which is considered as the main God of good luck, well-being, and prosperity. The festival is celebrated from 4th to 14tht day of bright fortnight in the Hindu Month of Bhadrapada (August-September). The occasion is celebrated with great fanfare in Maharashtra and other parts of India. People bring the idols of Lord Ganesha to their homes and worship it for nine consecutive days. On the tenth day, devotees carry out large processions and take the idol along with them in a celebratory mood.
The Idol is then worshiped for 3 to 11 days and then immersed in the ocean or huge water bodies. Offering of special sweet called “Modak” is made to Lord Ganesh. At the conclusion of the event, the idol is finally submerged in the river, sea or any other water bodies by the followers with a wish from God to arrive early on the next year.
So, have a quick look into all these festivals and get familiar with the festive spirit of India and its diverse people. We Indians have festivals for every religion, which are celebrated with enthusiasm and zeal throughout the India irrespective of the religion. India is a land of festivals and festivals are the heart of Indian people’s lives. Following are the top 10 most popular festivals in india celebrated all over India.